As in the White Paper of 1944, the Bill of 1946 talks about the availability of the service, stating:

“All of the service, or any part of it, is to be available to everyone in England and Wales (A Bill to provide Scotland with a Health Service was introduced later). The Bill imposes no limitations on availability – e.g. limitation based on financial means, age, sex, employment or vocation, area of residence, or insurance qualifications.”

“The last is important, if the “National Insurance Bill” now before Parliament is passed into law, almost everyone will become compulsorily insurable, and after payment of the appropriate contributions will become entitled to the various cash benefits – including sickness and maternity benefits – for which that Bill provides. A portion of their contributions will be used to help to finance the health service under the present Bill, but the various health service benefits under the present Bill on not made conditional upon any insurance qualification or the proof of having paid contributions. There are no waiting or qualifying periods.”

“National Insurance Bill 1946: – this was a refinement of the Act of 1911. It was also extended inasmuch as everyone who was working paid National Insurance. It became more integrated, where people are entitled to a whole range of benefits. These benefits are Unemployment, Widows and Orphans, and, Sickness Benefit. It was calculated to give everyone the basic allowance, the only people who didn’t benefit at the time where women.”

It goes on to say:

“The service is to be available from a date to be declared by Order in Council under the Bill, and it is hoped that this will be at the beginning of the year 1948.

1946: March , The National Health Service Bill

CITY City Hospital